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  Commissions on Labour (1931-2002)


About Collection


On the Fourth of July 1929 the Imperial Government of Britain constituted the first Royal Commission of Labour in India with the express mandate to enquire into and report on the existing conditions of Labour in Industrial undertakings and plantations in British India. 

The Royal Commission of 1929 was the first of a series of such commission of labour with similar mandates held afterwards i.e., the Labour Investigation Committee- 1946, the National Commission of Labour ( 1967-69), Shramshakti: The National Commission on Women in Informal Sector 1987- 88 and the National Commission on Rural Labour (1986-1991). The series of reports generated by the commission along with their voluminous evidence , records of direct observations and enquiries and memorandum submitted by industrialists, labour unions, individuals etc provides the most comprehensive record of the changing conditions of work and workers since the last seventy years of industrial history of India. They are by far the most important source for understanding the long term changes in structure of industrial relations in India as also the best indicators of evolution of state policy on labour in India.

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 Royal Commission on Labour in India (1929)

 Labour Investigation Committee (1946)


  Supplementary Documents

  Labour Condition Reports

 National Commission on Labour (1967)


  Supplementary Documents

  Basic Statistics

  Conference Papers

  Memorandum by Employer's Association

  Memorandum by Trade Unions

  Record of Discussions

  Record of Discussions and Minutes of Meetings

  Study Group Report

  Special Reports and Papers

  Tour Notes

  Topic Notes

  Working Group Report

 Commissions on Women & Labour (1974-88)

  Shramshakti (1988)

  Towards Equality (1974)

 National Commission on Rural Labour (1991)


  Supplementary Documents

  Study Group Reports

 Second National Commission on Labour (2002)


  Study Group Reports